There are many types of containers and various classifications, including the following
According to the type of goods loaded
There are dry containers, bulk containers, liquid cargo containers, refrigerated containers, and some special containers, such as automobile containers, livestock containers, animal skin containers, etc.
General cargo container is the most common container, which is mainly used to transport general groceries. It is applicable to all kinds of goods without temperature adjustment. It is often referred to as a generic container.
Bulk containers are used for loading powder, granular cargo and other bulk cargo.
A liquid cargo container is a container used for loading liquid cargo.
A refrigerated container is a container with refrigeration equipment. Its inner wall is paved with materials with low thermal conductivity to load frozen, heat preservation and fresh goods.
Automobile container is a kind of container specially designed for transporting automobiles, which can be loaded in two layers.
PEN container is a container specially designed for transporting live animals, equipped with ventilation facilities, feeding and defecation devices.
Animal skin container is a container specially designed for transporting raw hides and other juice leakage goods, with a double bottom, which can store the leaked liquid.
As per manufacturing materials
Manufacturing materials refer to the materials of the main components of the container (side wall, end wall, box top, etc.), which can be divided into three types: steel containers, aluminum alloy containers, glass fiber reinforced plastic containers, wooden containers, stainless steel containers, etc., which have solid structure, high weldability, good water tightness, and low price; The disadvantages are heavy weight and poor corrosion resistance; Aluminum alloy container is made of aluminum alloy material, which has the advantages of light weight, beautiful appearance, corrosion resistance, good elasticity, convenient processing, low processing and maintenance cost, long service life, etc; The disadvantages are high cost and poor welding performance;
FRP container is made of FRP material, which has the advantages of high strength, good rigidity, large volume of contents, good heat insulation, corrosion resistance, chemical corrosion resistance, easy cleaning, simple maintenance, etc; The disadvantages are heavy weight, easy aging, and reduced strength of bolt tightening points.
It can be divided into three categories, including fixed containers, folding containers and thin shell containers. Fixed containers can also be divided into closed containers, open containers, plate and frame containers, etc; Folding container means that the main parts of the container (side wall, end wall and top) can be simply folded or disassembled, and can be easily reassembled when used again; Thin wall container is a steel container composed of all parts. It has the advantage of light weight and can adapt to torque without causing permanent deformation.
Dividd by total weight
There are 30 ton containers, 20 ton containers, 10 ton containers, 5 ton containers, 2.5 ton containers, etc.
According to specifications and dimensions
DRYCONTAINER commonly used in the world includes: 20ft * 8ft * 8in 6in (20ft container for short); The external dimension is 40 feet * 8 feet * 8 inches 6 inches, which is called 40 feet container; The external dimension is 40 feet * 8 feet * 9 feet 6 inches, which is called a 40 foot high cabinet.
There are REFER CONTAINER, RF, DRESS HANGER CONTAINER, OT for open container, FR for flat frame container, TK for tank container, refrigerated container, platform container, ventilated container and insulated container
Open containers are used for loading heavy goods, such as glass plates, steel products, machinery, etc. It can be loaded and unloaded from the top by crane. The top of the container can be opened or has no fixed surface. Frame container is a container composed of bottom and surrounding metal frames, which is suitable for long, overweight and light foam goods. Tank container is a container composed of bottom, tank body and surrounding frame, which is applicable to liquid cargo.
Platform container is a container specially used to transport out of gauge goods. It has a solid chassis. When transporting large cargoes, multiple platform containers can be used at the same time.